Coronary Heart Disease Facts
- Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the main cause of CVD death (49%) with stroke second (18%) AIHW Australian Facts 2011
- An estimated 47,700 heart attacks occurred in 2009. This is 131 heart attacks a day and one heart attack every 11 minutes. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) Australia’s Health 2012
- In 2010 Coronary Heart Disease had a total economic cost of $18.3b. With increasing life expectancy, higher obesity and diabetes rates, this cost is set to escalate. Deloitte Access Economics ACS (Acute Coronary Syndrome) in Perspective: The importance of secondary prevention 2011
- Repeat heart attacks are more likely to be fatal. In 2010, 1 in 5 repeat heart attacks was fatal compared to 1 in 10 from an initial heart attack. Deloitte Access Economics ACS (Acute Coronary Syndrome) in Perspective: The importance of secondary prevention 2011
Women and Heart Disease Facts
- Four times as many women die from Coronary Heart Disease (heart attack and angina) than breast cancer. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) Australia’s Health 2012
- Coronary heart disease, stroke and other heart diseases (including heart failure) are the three leading causes of death among women. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) Women and heart disease 2010
- Cardiovascular disease causes one in three deaths in women. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) Women and heart disease 2010
- High blood cholesterol is one risk factor for coronary artery disease (heart attacks and angina). If your cholesterol level is 6.5 mmol/L or greater your risk of heart disease is about four times greater than that of a person with a cholesterol level of 4 mmol/L.
- There are immediate health benefits as soon as you quit smoking, even if you already suffer health problems (Cancer Council Australia, 2015)
Reasons to quit include:
- Twelve hours after stopping - almost all nicotine is out of your system with most by-products gone within five days.
- After 24 hours - the level of carbon monoxide in your blood has dropped dramatically, meaning your body can take and use oxygen more efficiently.
- After two days - your senses of taste and smell start to return.
- After two months - blood flow to your hands and feet improves.
- After one year - your risk of heart disease rapidly drops.
- After 10 years - your risk of lung cancer is halved.
Overweight and Obesity Facts
- Compared to 1995, the proportion of Australians that are obese in 2012 has increased by 47%. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey 2011/12;(4364.0)
- In 2011/12, five million Australians aged 18 and over were overweight (BMI of 25.0kg/m2 to 29.9kg/m2). This accounts for more than a third (35%) of adult Australians. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey 2011/12;(4364.0)
- In 2011/12, Australians living in regional/remote locations and those in the highest disadvantaged group were significantly more likely to be overweight/obese. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey 2011/12;(4364.0)
- Only 30% of Australians who are obese (based on their BMI) described their weight status as obese. Furthermore, only one in three obese people are concerned about their weight. Heart Foundation. Relevance Survey 2011
Physical Activity Facts
- In total, almost 12 million Australians aged 15 and over had either sedentary or low levels of exercise. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey 2011/2012. (4364.0)
- In 2011/12, sedentary and low levels of exercise were significantly higher amongst those in the highest disadvantaged quintile, those from regional and remote areas and those who speak a language other than English at home. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey 2011/2012. (4364.0)
- With more than half of Australians aged 30-65 not doing regular physical activity, the main barriers that discourage people from doing regular physical activity include lack of time (44.5%), do not enjoy exercise (39.5%), the weather puts them off (28.3%) and prefer to do other things (26.3%). Heart Foundation 2011. Relevance Survey
- Diabetes has risen significantly over the past 20 years to nearly 900,000 Australians of 4.4% of the population. Deloitte Access Economics ACS (Acute Coronary Syndrome) in Perspective: The importance of secondary prevention 2011
High Blood Pressure Facts
- Almost 30% of Australians aged 25 years and over had high blood pressure – 3.7 million. AIHW Cardiovascular Disease Australian Facts 2011
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Facts
- Heart and related conditions were 1.2 times more common for Indigenous people than for non-Indigenous people. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014) Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: updated results, 2012-13 - Australia: table 5.3
- Cardiovascular disease was the leading cause of death of Indigenous people in 2012. It was responsible for 25% of the deaths of Indigenous people living in NSW, Qld, WA, SA and the NT. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014) Causes of death, Australia, 2012. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics